Types of sleep apnea

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There are three main types of sleep apnoea:

    • Obstructive Sleep Apnoea (OSA)

    • Central Sleep Apnoea (CSA)

    • Mixed sleep apnoea

 

Obstructive Sleep Apnoea (OSA)

Obstructive Sleep Apnoea is the most common type of sleep apnoea, making up 84% of sleep apnoea diagnoses.1

In most cases of Obstructive Sleep Apnoea, air stops flowing to the lungs because of a blockage (or obstruction) in the upper airway-that is, in the nose or throat. 

The upper airway could become blocked due to:

  • The muscles relaxing too much during sleep, which blocks sufficient air from getting through*

  • The weight of your neck narrowing the airway

  • Inflamed tonsils, or other temporary reasons

  • Structural reasons, like the shape of the nose, neck or jaw

Read more about Obstructive Sleep Apnoea

 

Central Sleep Apnoea (CSA)

Central Sleep Apnoea (CSA) is rare in general,1 and can be caused by certain drug therapies used in pain management, such as opioids, as well as heart failure, or a disease or injury involving the brain, such as:

  • Stroke

  • Brain tumor

  • Viral brain infection

  • Chronic respiratory disease

In cases of CSA the airway is actually open but air stops flowing to the lungs because no effort is made to breathe. This is basically because the communication between the brain and the body has been lost, so the automatic action of breathing stops.

Those with CSA don’t often snore, so the condition sometimes goes unnoticed.

Noticeably, in case of heart failure, CSA is very frequent, with up to 1 patient over 4 being affected.2 CSA also has a specific pattern in Heart Failure, known as Cheyne-Stokes Respiration (CSR).

People with CSR have an abnormal, cyclic pattern of breathing that alternates deeper and sometimes faster breathing with a temporary stop in breathing (apnoea).

Together, Central Sleep Apnoea and Cheyne-Stokes respiration are known as CSA-CSR, which occurs in 30 to 50% of people with heart failure.1

Read more about Central Sleep Apnoea

 

Mixed sleep apnoea

This is a combination of both OSA (where there is a blockage or obstruction in the upper airway) and CSA (where no effort is made to breathe). Your doctor can help you understand more about this if you need to.

If you have any concerns that you may have any type of sleep apnoea, please consult your doctor.'

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References

  1. ResMed Website

  2. Morgenthaler TI, Kagramanov V, Hanak V, Decker PA. Complex sleep apnoea syndrome: is it a unique clinical syndrome? Sleep 2006;29(9):1203-9

  3. Bitter T. et al, Eur. J of Heart F. 2009

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Our main customers are government hospitals, Sleep Center Dubai , Abu Dhbai in UAE, privet hospitals , medical centres and end users. We provide a comprehensive diagnostic and treatment machines and  service for the full range of Sleep Disorders  and Sleep-Related Breathing Disorders such as Snoring, Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA), Insomnia, Narcolepsy and associated Neuro-Psychiatric and Medical and Dental conditions.

 

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Sleep Study:

 

more information out sleep apnoea types In Dubai Abu Dhabi UAE 

 

a sleep lab or hospital, a sleep technician will place sensors on your patient's body to monitor their sleep.Sensors are placed:on the chest to monitor heart activity close to the eyelids to measure eye movements that help indicate if the patient is in REM or non-REM sleep on the head to measure electrical signals from the brain on the legs to assess muscle activity-Patients will also be fitted with a nasal cannula to monitor breathing an oximeter on their finger to record oxygen levels bands around their chest and stomach to measure breathing effort With your patient's permission, staff may also request to film the sleep study to gain more insights into the patient's sleeping behavior.

 

During this type of study, your patient will be required to stay overnight at the facility, so they should take everything needed for their usual sleeping routine, including pyjamas and toiletries. 

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